- Bethleham & Jericho Day Tour
- Biblical Highlights in North Israel Day Tour
- Jerusalem & Bethleham
- Jerusalem The Holy City
- Masada & Dead Sea Tour
Thermal baths on Masada
The site of Masada was identified in 1842 and extensively excavated between 1963 and 1965 by an expedition led by Israeli archeologist Yigael Yadin. Due to the remoteness from human habitation and its arid environment, the site remained largely untouched by humans or nature for two millennia. The Roman attack ramp still stands on the western side and can be climbed on foot. Many of the ancient buildings have been restored from their remains, as have the wall-paintings of Herod’s two main palaces, and the Roman-style bathhouses that he built. The synagogue, storehouses, and houses of the Jewish rebels have also been identified and restored. The meter-high circumvallation wall that the Romans built around Masada can be seen, together with eleven barracks for the Roman soldiers just outside this wall. Water cisterns two-thirds of the way up the cliff drain the nearby wadis by an elaborate system of channels, which explains how the rebels managed to conserve enough water for such a long time.
Inside the synagogue, an ostracon bearing the inscription me’aser cohen (tithe for the priest) was found, as were fragments of two scrolls; parts of Deuteronomy 33–34 and parts ofEzekiel 35–38 (including the vision of the “dry bones”), found hidden in pits dug under the floor of a small room built inside the synagogue. In other loci fragments were found of the books of Genesis, Leviticus, Psalms, and Sirach, as well as of the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice.
In the area in front of the northern palace, eleven small ostraca were recovered, each bearing a single name. One reads “ben Yair” and could be short for Eleazar ben Ya’ir, the commander of the fortress. It has been suggested that the other ten names are those of the men chosen by lot to kill the others and then themselves, as recounted by Josephus.
“… good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey…” Exodus 3.8
When the people of Israel were given the land back it was a malaria ridden, barren desert. With the words of the Lord in their heads and hearts, Israel turned the country back into the land flowing with milk and honey.
Today the land is healthy, green and thriving. Israel invented drip irrigation systems to help grow crops even in the desert which has led to very large increases in the quality as well as quantity of crops and developed numerous innovations leading to the development of substances to condition soil that boosts crop yields. Israel also built computerized cow sheds for dairy farming that produces more high quality milk with less dairy cows.
These are just a few of the many innovations that Israel has developed over the years which has turned the country into the fruit basket for Europe and Israel is proud to share this knowledge with our friends around the world.
“…..Lift up your eyes and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest” …John 4:35
njoy a wonderful view of the City of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount from the Mount of Olives. View the walls of the Old City and the Garden of Gethsemane in the Kidron Valley. Continue on to the Western Wall going through the Armenian Quarter passing by the local bazaar and the Christian Quarter including the Via Dolorosa and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Stroll along the main Byzantine Street and the Cardo. From there continue on to Mount Zion to visit the Hall of the Last Supper and David’s Tomb. Enjoy a view of Bethlehem and the Judean Desert. From there continue on to see the government buildings, Knessetand Menorah in the New City of Jerusalem and explore the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum.